Archive for the ‘Programs and Services’ Category

Monitoring Report: Encounter between PNP-SAF Vs BIFF and MILF

Activity:    Protection Monitoring

Date:         January 25, 2015

Location:  Barangay Tukanalipao, Mamasapano Maguindanao

Background:

On January 25, 2015 at around 5:00 in the morning, Philippine National Police -Special Action Forces (PNP-SAF) were clash between 105th Base Command of Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) at Barangay Tukanalipao Mamasapano, Maguindanao that resulted forcibly displacement hundreds of families. The PNP-SAF operation in that area is to serve warrants of arrest for Malaysian bomb maker Zulkifli bin Hir, known as Marwan and Basit Usman of Jemaah Islamiyah but unfortunately, clash was occur because of no coordination to the local government and MILF group in the area. Marwan’s capture carries a $5-million bounty for his terror attacks, which have also earned him a spot in the most wanted terror list of the FBI.

Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) under Commander Guiawan was also involved in the firefight. BIFF’s 1st Brigade intercepted the reinforcement from the military at around 9 a.m. and they recovered at least 10 rifles.

Current Situation:

The affected families is around 560 household that evacuated in Barangay Pimblakan, Tuka, Dasikil, Pidsandawan, Tukanalipo Mamasapano. Some IDP’s are home based while others are staying in evacuation center like Szopad and market “Talipapa” in Tukanalipo and others are make a shift tent along the road.

The table below shows the numbers of IDP’s.

Internally Displaced People
No. Present Location No. of families No. of persons Place of Origin
1 Barangay Pimbalakan 234 937
2 Barangay Tukanalipao 202 809
3 Barangay Pidsandawan 62 233
4 Barangay Dasikil 30 123
5 Barangay Tuka 32 134
Over all Total 560 2,236  

Source: Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office (January 26, 2015)

As of date, there are 43 members PNP-SAF were killed while 8 fighters in MILF group. The military are ongoing conducting retrieval operation in the area because of some PNP-SAF members are missing. There 3 injured civilians coming from Barangay Tukanalipao were admitted to Cotabato Regional Medical Center which one of them is minor age.

The table below shows the casualties and injured persons:

Injured Person
1 Tot Pananggulang Father Brgy. Tukanalipao
2 Samra Kansi S. Pananggulang Mother Brgy. Tukanalipao
3 Sara Pananggulang Daughter Brgy. Tukanalipao

Source: Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office (January 26, 2015)

During the monitoring, local government were not given a permit to go to the IDP’s location because of ongoing retrieval and clearing operation of military. According to Maced T. Abdullah, Al-hadj of MDRRMO that some IDP’s are already returned to their place of origin on January 26, 2015 especially those indirect affected barangay of conflict.

Other related issue:

The incident might affect the ongoing peace process of MILF and GPH which currently on stage of public hearing by senate and congress on the Bangsamoro Basic law. Congress hearings on the proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law were postponed on Monday after the incident.

Protection issues:

  1. Lacking data on returnees IDP’s and situation of IDP’s in evacuation centers. Some families were already returned to their place of origin without consent of the local government unit.
  2. 1 minor girl was victim of Grave child rights violation particularly maiming.
  3. No response on the immediate needs of affected families like foods and NFI.
  4. 43 PNP-SAF members were killed and 8 members coming from MIFL group. There are still missing on the members of PNP-SAF.
  5. Unstable condition in the area because of on-going clearing operation by military that may cause of fear to the civilian.
  6. The Corn farming of the IDP’s was affected most particularly in Barangay Tukanalipao which the incident happened.

Response/Interventions:

  • MDRRMO and ARMM-heart were conducted IDP’s assessment on January 25, 2015.
  • The Coordinating Committee on the Cessation of Hostilities facilitated the request of the PNP to retrieve their casualties but unfortunately many were not able to survive because they were not evacuated immediately.
  • Emergency meeting of Municipal local government unit with Tingting Cujuangco regarding on the situation of affected areas and to resolve the conflict.
  • Interior Secretary Mar Roxas and Philippine National Police officer-in-charge Deputy Director General Leonardo Espina flew to Maguindanao to meet with Cabinet secretaries and military officials to look into the deadly incident.

Recommendation:

  • The local government should secure and facilitate the voluntary returning of the IDP’s.
  • Close monitoring on the situation of affected families.
  • The civilian casualties in CRMC should be facilitated by the LGU most especially on their financial expenses.
  • Lobbying on IDP’s needs from state and non sate actor.

 

Prepared by:

United Youth of the Philippines-Women

GIZ-CPS and UnYPhil-Women conducts joint Strategic Planning workshop

aCOTABATO CITY: May 23, 2014 GIZ-Civil Peace Service and UnYPhil-Women (United Youth of the Philippines-Women) conducted a joint Strategic Planning workshop facilitated by Esther Scharf of GIZ-Civil Peace Service, Advisor of Institute for Peace and Development in Mindanao (IPDM), Mindanao State University, Iligan City.

The workshop aimed to review identified goals of cooperation between UnYPhil-Women and GIZ-Civil Peace Service, discuss and develop a joint strategic plan for 2014 to 2015 and the roles and responsibilities of the each organization and personnel, and lastly to discuss procedures and mechanism for cooperation.

The cooperation between UnYPhil-Women and GIZ-Civil Peace Service started in 2012 up to date to contribute on the meaningful participation of women on the Bangsamoro peace process and constructive involvement of civil society organization specifically on the following overall objectives:

  • People (especially LGU, women and youth) in the Bangsamoro core territory and adjacent areas discuss controversial topics (especially gender related issues) in the context of the Bangsamoro Peace Process in adequate public spaces for dialogue and information sharing. They know causes and consequences of the conflict, are informed about the progress ancd challenges in the peace process, and are familiar with possible non-violent resolutions of emergent conflicts.
  • Civil society and state institutions/organizations (mainly in the future Bangsamoro and adjacent areas) actively engage in the transition process towards the autonomous region of Bangsamoro and implement projects in conflict and gender sensitive way.

GIZ-CPS is German Development Corporation funded by German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). That seconds peace and conflict consultants to both local civil society organization and state institutions to advance the interests of marginalized and underrepresented groups.

The participants from GIZ-Civil Peace Service were Dr. Matthias Osterle, Program Coordinator, Raife Janke CPS International Expert/Peacebuilbding and gender adviser of UnYPhil-Women and from UnyPhil-Women includes Ms. Noraida Abo Executive Director, Hasna Adi-Advocacy Officer and CPS local counterpart, Frenz Laureta Research, Documentation, Publication and Information Officer, Rasol Pangansalan, Monitoring and Evaluation Officer/Field Coordinator, Sandra Abu Admin Officer, Maisalam Tahir Project Officer (Cordaid), Hunyn Abu Project Officer (Respect Education), (UNHCR), and Joelaida Juanday, Field Facilitator (MCPN).

By: Hasna Adi

UnYPhil-Women

Preventing and Responding to Gender-Based Violence and Children Protection Issues in Conflict-affected Areas in Central Mindanao

The project “Preventing and Responding to Gender-Based Violence and Children Protection Issues in Conflict-affected Areas in Central Mindanao” is a joint collaboration of United Youth of the Philippines-Women (UnYPhil-Women) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) together with United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) under the DFID funding support. .

The overall goal of the project is to strengthen Gender-Based Violence (GBV) and Children Protection (CP) prevention and response in conflict-affected communities of Central Mindanao. Specifically, it aims to (a) capacitate local prevention mechanisms in monitoring, reporting, and responding to GBV and CP issues, (b) raise awareness of community people of GBV and CP issues, and (c) provide prompt and appropriate services to survivors of GBV and GCRV in the communities. The coverage areas of the project are where UnYPhil-Women are primarily operational. All the identified communities experienced conflict and displacement in 2013, thus, women and children from these communities were more vulnerable to gender-based violence (GBV) and grave child rights violations (GCRV). The principal activity of this project is Situational Needs Assessment; accordingly, GBV and Child Protection (CP) programming in the identified areas shall be determined by the results of the assessment.

The project will be implemented under four (4) main components. However, the activities are for the first quarter of project implementation. The second quarter activities shall be determined by the Situational Needs Analysis.

The four (4) components expected result are:

  • Numbers of local protection mechanism members trained in GBV and CP prevention and response
  • Community people from eight (8) identified communities gained awareness of GBV and CP issues
  • At least 80% of reported GBV and GCRV cases are verified and promptly responded to with appropriate service

 The project shall be implemented in five (5) barangays from four (4) municipalities of North Cotabato such as:

  1. BrgyMalingao, Municipality of Midsayap
  2. BrgyPaiduPulangi, Municipality of Pikit
  3. BrgyMarbel, Municipality of Matalam
  4. Brgy New Bunawan, Municipality of Tulunan
  5. BrgyMaybula, Municipality of Tulunan

And three (3) barangays from three (3) municipalities of Maguindanao such as:

  1. BrgyDamabalas, Municipality of DatuPiang
  2. BrgyMirab, Municipality of North Upi
  3. BrgyGanta, Municipality of ShariffSaidona

Direct Beneficiaries:

  1. No. of Women: 320
  2. No. of Men: 160
  3. No. of Youth: 160
  4. 100% of GBV and GCRV Survivors

Indirect Beneficiaries:

  1. 30 LCAT-VAWC and LCPC members in 7 municipalities
  2. 80 CBCPN members in 8 barangays

The Situational Needs Assessment is composed of 2 activities like Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and Key In format Interview (KII). The participants should be from selected direct beneficiaries from Women (5), Men (5), Youth (5 girls and 5 boys) and from the KII it should be the Barangay chairman, Religious Leader and School Teacher.

This is basically the social preparation component of the project. The result of the Situational Needs Analysis will then be the basis of GBV and CP programme development for the eight (8) sites in the next quarter of the project.

This project shall demonstrate in operational terms the response of UNYPHIL-Women to a myriad of concerns related to the present inequalities to gender brought about by armed conflicts in Central Mindanao, and the apparent prevalence of unaddressed – or selectively addressed – cases related to it. The Bangsamoro Human Wellness Center (BHWC) will serve as the mechanism/vehicle on which its officers, members and volunteers could resonate from as they engage in responding and preventing GBV and GCRV in conflict-affected areas.

Through the BHWC, UNYPHIL-Women shall provide a range of services to women, children, and communities including holistic response to violence survivors and community information sessions. The BHWC project team shall also engage with government agencies and other stakeholders and, through the Case Management Worker, with the GBVSC and CPWG to identify the best course of action to address the needs of survivors of violence. It is intended that all identified activities under this project shall be implemented utilizing the BHWC as staging platform. Thus, part and parcel of this initiative is the capacity building of local actors in GBV and CP response, and enhancing the participation of women in the beneficiary communities in GBV monitoring and reporting as sustaining mechanisms to preserve the gains of this initiative in the identified barangays.

The project will be implemented within a period of 6 months that will commence on the first day of March 2014. The activities outlined will be implemented on the first quarter of the project, after which, another work plan for the rest of the implementing period shall be devised based on the results of the Situational Needs Assessment. The project will end on the last day of June and an evaluation activity will determine the impacts and outcomes of the project.

 United Youth of the Philippines-Women

Strengthening National capacities towards the protection of IDP’s and People affected by Repeated Displacement

The southern Philippines island of Muslim Mindanao is home to 21 million people; in addition, 63% of the country’s indigenous communities are situated in Mindanao. Many of them, especially in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) have been, and continue to be forcibly displaced due to a number of factors.

The national government has engaged different rebel groups into a peace process to reach a doable political settlement. It has signed the final peace agreement with MNLF way back in 1996 and is currently undertaking the peace process with the MILF. The government and MILF have reached significant milestones by the signing of Framework Agreement in 15 October 2012, and subsequently all its 4 annexes on Transitional Arrangement and Modalities (27 Feb. 2013), Revenue Generation and Wealth Sharing (13 July 2013), and Normalization (25 Jan. 2014). This provides a rich ground for durable solutions to various caseloads of displacement.

However, the situation in Mindanao remains volatile and fragile up to this time. The population remains vulnerable to unstable and continuing threats resulting from armed conflicts and clashes between the Government Armed Forces and armed groups of which examples include the Zamboanga City stand-off with the Misuari led MNLF, the clash with the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) in some areas in Maguindanao and North Cotabato, rival political candidates, and family feuds or “rido” which deemed to me more deadly.

UnYPhil-Women, has been an important partner of UNHCR in the field to ensure that the displaced population and population facing protection risks, especially the women and children in the remote locations, are provided assistance and protection. It took charge to reach locations where government agencies have limited access in the provinces of Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-tawi and Zamboanga Sibugay.

The aim of this project is to support the government in its commitment to ensure protection of IDP’s, most vulnerable population at risk of displacement and other forms of rights violation and persons with specific needs. Intend to create impact by empowering affected communities and IDP’s themselves, especially among women and children able to negotiate with state and non-state actors directly to prevent displacement and reduce the level of fear and seek redress to protection institutions including CHR/RHRC and DSWD.

 Target population of the project

The main communities targeted through this project include communities in ARMM, especially women and the youth, which are high risks of displacement due to evolving political developments including communities of indigenous people; are displaced multiple times and are particularly fragile and are living in a protracted situation of displacement for many years. IDPs and other vulnerable affected by armed conflicts and forms of violence resulting to violation on their rights and degradation on dignity and quality of life who needs legal support shall also be a priority for this project.

UnYPhil in collaboration with the RHRC shall also engage the local government officials and line agencies, security forces and law enforcement agencies to ensure that people requiring temporary assistance due to their condition subsequent to conflict and displacement are protected and provided appropriate assistance.

Category of people requiring temporary assistance

At risk communities Communities at particular risk of forced displacement in ARMM
Currently displaced Communities displaced due to natural disaster, armed conflict , rido, political violence, development aggression etc. displaced communities could be in a situation of protracted displacement (e.g. over 1 year) or multiple displacement (displaced many times during a year)
Returnees Those who were forcibly displaced and have returned home recently and need support in re-establishing themselves.
Host communities Communities accommodating IDP’s, either in public building or in their homes.
Resettled Communities Communities of former IDP’s that have settled elsewhere

 Implementation arrangement

Targeted populations are the IDP’s particularly the women sector and those people facing the risk of cyclic displacement in municipalities. Having been affected by protracted conflict, many of them do not posses civil documentation being in remote locations and unable to exercise, defend or demand their rights and live in safety and with dignity. Among women, there are those who have fewer learning opportunities and decision making power despite their immense potential to positively influence and support their communities and provide inputs to the peace process.

Coverage area:

Cotabato City Cotabato City
North Cotabato Aleosan, Carmen, Kabakan, Midsayap, Pikit, Matalam, Tulunan
Basilan All municipalities especially Al-Barka, Mohammad, Adjul, Tipo-tipo, Sumisip, Tuburan, Ungkaya Pukan
Sulu All municipalities especially Patikul, Indanan, Maimbung, Parang, Panglima Estino
Tawi-tawi All municipalities especially Simunol, Bongao

Approach and process

  1. Baseline Data Gathering, Monitoring and Analysis
  2. Protection Monitor, referral and advocacy for durable solutions
  3. Awareness Raising and IDP community participation
  4. Prepositioning of core relief item

A Better Bangsamoro For All: Women`s Contribution to the Bangsamoro Basic Law

Photo 1COTABATO CITY – March 7, 2014 at the EM Manor Hotel, 320 women leaders and representatives from grassroots communities and women’s organizations as well as honorary guests celebrated the International Women’s Day by highlighting the strong commitment of women to achieve “a better Bangsamoro for all”. Women delegates coming from the provinces of Zamboanga, Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-tawi, Lanao Del Sur, Lanao Del Norte, Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao, Cotabato City, North Cotabato, South Cotabato, Sarangani, Davao City, Pagadian City and General Santos City witnessed the formal presentation and turn-over of the women’s recommendation “A Better Bangsamoro for all: Women’s Contribution to the Bangsamoro Basic Law” to members of the Bangsamoro Transition Commission (BTC).

The recommendations are the result of 72 consultations jointly conducted by United Youth of the Philippines-Women (UnYPhil-Women), NisaUl Haqq Fi Bangsamoro (Nisa), Teduray Lambangian Women’s Organization Incorporated (TLWOI) and Bangsamoro Women’s Action for Development Initiatives (BWADI). Around 2,750 Moro, Indigenous Peoples (IP’s) and settlers women participated in the consultations conducted outside and within the core areas of the Bangsamoro territorial claim.

Six representatives from the BTC were present during the summit: Ms. Froilyn Mendoza, IP representative of GPH-BTC, Atty. Johaira Wahab, youngest member of BTC from the GPH, Mr. Talib Benito from GPH-BTC, Abdullah Camlian from MILF together with Atty. Raissa Jajurie, women representative of MILF-BTC and Chairman Mohagher Iqbal.

According to Ms. Froilyn Mendoza, the women’s recommendation arrived timely on March 4, 2014 where the Committee on Fiscal Autonomy is discussing issues on gender and development. “Na pa oo namin ang mga lalaking memPhoto 2bro ng BTC na suportahan ang women’s agenda.” (We were able to convince the male member of the BTC to support the women’s agenda). She cited Ms. Fatmawati Salapuddin, GPH-BTC member “Nagpaliwanag na may ibang pangangailangan tayong mga babae na kaylangang tugunan dahil hindi pantay ang platform na ating kinatatayuan”. (Explained that, because of unequal status quo of women and men in the society, women have special needs which have to be addressed.)

Atty. Johaira Wahab mentioned that the value being reflected during the consultations is not only giving information, but also providing an opportunity for reflection. She then added that the peace process will not be successful without the participation of the community.  Atty. Johaira appealed to the participants of the summit to help the BTC maintaining the integrity, transparency and the inclusivity of the peace process. “Importante na mag usap usap tayo at magkaroon ng pagkakataon na mag-usap kung anong tingin natin sa mga bagay bagay”. (It is important that we talk and discuss our opinion on the issues -was referring to the Bangsamoro peace process.)

Photo3“Naisalang na sa komite kanina ang recommendations ng mga kababaihan” (women’s recommendation was already presented in the committee-morning March 7, 2014) and has been discussed by the commission and is being considered for plenary deliberation. “We have come to recognize that considering the women’s agenda is significant to the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL). The sector of women has something very important to give and women participation is vital for Bangsamoro development”, Atty. Raissa Jajurie said.

The BBL envisions a society promoting and advancing just peace, humanity and environmentally responsive agendas and policies. The framework agreement has already guaranteed the equal opportunity of men and women on access to basic social services like food, employment, education, health etc. and to pursue political aspirations and others. “These rights are similarly guaranteed for women and they are already included in the Bangsamoro Basic Law”, assured Talib Benito.

Abdullah Camlian said that “Ina assure ko kayo na ang karapatan ng kababaihan ay isusulong sa Bangsamoro” (I assured that the rights of women will be supported by the Bangsamoro) and quoted a verse from the Hadith saying “Paradise lies at the feet of your mother”, therefore “walang lalaking hindi susuporta sa mga kababaihan” (All man will always support the women).

Chairman Mohagher Iqbal expressed that their presence at the summit is a manifestation of commitment and dedication to the peace process and he assured that the BTC will look at the relevant recommendations and consider them in the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL). He referred to the framework agreement where the right of women to participate iPhoto 4n politics is guaranteed including protection from any forms of violence and the allocation of funds for gender and development programs. “The participation of women in the Bangsamoro government in the future is assured”, he added.

Mr. Thomas Phipps of the British Embassy said “women’s participating in the formulation of the comprehensive framework agreement indicates that women are actively taking part in realizing the future. Women have been very helpful in upholding human rights issues, providing education and raising awareness. This experience provides great hope to the people.”

The Women’s Summit: “Celebrating Women’s Commitment for a better Bangsamoro for All”, is the final event of the project on “Entrenching Women’s Participation in the Bangsamoro Basic Law”, which has been led by UnYPhil-Women, NISA, BWADI and TLWOI and co-convened by MWDECC, MWAGG, NOORUS SALAM. Women`s organizations and various agencies provided support and contributed to the crafting and formulation of the recommendation. The project is funded by the British Embassy in the Philippines and coordinated by Conciliation Resources.

By: Hasna Adi

United Youth of the Philippines-Women