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Monitoring Report: Encounter between PNP-SAF Vs BIFF and MILF

Activity:    Protection Monitoring

Date:         January 25, 2015

Location:  Barangay Tukanalipao, Mamasapano Maguindanao

Background:

On January 25, 2015 at around 5:00 in the morning, Philippine National Police -Special Action Forces (PNP-SAF) were clash between 105th Base Command of Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) at Barangay Tukanalipao Mamasapano, Maguindanao that resulted forcibly displacement hundreds of families. The PNP-SAF operation in that area is to serve warrants of arrest for Malaysian bomb maker Zulkifli bin Hir, known as Marwan and Basit Usman of Jemaah Islamiyah but unfortunately, clash was occur because of no coordination to the local government and MILF group in the area. Marwan’s capture carries a $5-million bounty for his terror attacks, which have also earned him a spot in the most wanted terror list of the FBI.

Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) under Commander Guiawan was also involved in the firefight. BIFF’s 1st Brigade intercepted the reinforcement from the military at around 9 a.m. and they recovered at least 10 rifles.

Current Situation:

The affected families is around 560 household that evacuated in Barangay Pimblakan, Tuka, Dasikil, Pidsandawan, Tukanalipo Mamasapano. Some IDP’s are home based while others are staying in evacuation center like Szopad and market “Talipapa” in Tukanalipo and others are make a shift tent along the road.

The table below shows the numbers of IDP’s.

Internally Displaced People
No. Present Location No. of families No. of persons Place of Origin
1 Barangay Pimbalakan 234 937
2 Barangay Tukanalipao 202 809
3 Barangay Pidsandawan 62 233
4 Barangay Dasikil 30 123
5 Barangay Tuka 32 134
Over all Total 560 2,236  

Source: Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office (January 26, 2015)

As of date, there are 43 members PNP-SAF were killed while 8 fighters in MILF group. The military are ongoing conducting retrieval operation in the area because of some PNP-SAF members are missing. There 3 injured civilians coming from Barangay Tukanalipao were admitted to Cotabato Regional Medical Center which one of them is minor age.

The table below shows the casualties and injured persons:

Injured Person
1 Tot Pananggulang Father Brgy. Tukanalipao
2 Samra Kansi S. Pananggulang Mother Brgy. Tukanalipao
3 Sara Pananggulang Daughter Brgy. Tukanalipao

Source: Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office (January 26, 2015)

During the monitoring, local government were not given a permit to go to the IDP’s location because of ongoing retrieval and clearing operation of military. According to Maced T. Abdullah, Al-hadj of MDRRMO that some IDP’s are already returned to their place of origin on January 26, 2015 especially those indirect affected barangay of conflict.

Other related issue:

The incident might affect the ongoing peace process of MILF and GPH which currently on stage of public hearing by senate and congress on the Bangsamoro Basic law. Congress hearings on the proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law were postponed on Monday after the incident.

Protection issues:

  1. Lacking data on returnees IDP’s and situation of IDP’s in evacuation centers. Some families were already returned to their place of origin without consent of the local government unit.
  2. 1 minor girl was victim of Grave child rights violation particularly maiming.
  3. No response on the immediate needs of affected families like foods and NFI.
  4. 43 PNP-SAF members were killed and 8 members coming from MIFL group. There are still missing on the members of PNP-SAF.
  5. Unstable condition in the area because of on-going clearing operation by military that may cause of fear to the civilian.
  6. The Corn farming of the IDP’s was affected most particularly in Barangay Tukanalipao which the incident happened.

Response/Interventions:

  • MDRRMO and ARMM-heart were conducted IDP’s assessment on January 25, 2015.
  • The Coordinating Committee on the Cessation of Hostilities facilitated the request of the PNP to retrieve their casualties but unfortunately many were not able to survive because they were not evacuated immediately.
  • Emergency meeting of Municipal local government unit with Tingting Cujuangco regarding on the situation of affected areas and to resolve the conflict.
  • Interior Secretary Mar Roxas and Philippine National Police officer-in-charge Deputy Director General Leonardo Espina flew to Maguindanao to meet with Cabinet secretaries and military officials to look into the deadly incident.

Recommendation:

  • The local government should secure and facilitate the voluntary returning of the IDP’s.
  • Close monitoring on the situation of affected families.
  • The civilian casualties in CRMC should be facilitated by the LGU most especially on their financial expenses.
  • Lobbying on IDP’s needs from state and non sate actor.

 

Prepared by:

United Youth of the Philippines-Women

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GIZ-CPS and UnYPhil-Women conducts joint Strategic Planning workshop

aCOTABATO CITY: May 23, 2014 GIZ-Civil Peace Service and UnYPhil-Women (United Youth of the Philippines-Women) conducted a joint Strategic Planning workshop facilitated by Esther Scharf of GIZ-Civil Peace Service, Advisor of Institute for Peace and Development in Mindanao (IPDM), Mindanao State University, Iligan City.

The workshop aimed to review identified goals of cooperation between UnYPhil-Women and GIZ-Civil Peace Service, discuss and develop a joint strategic plan for 2014 to 2015 and the roles and responsibilities of the each organization and personnel, and lastly to discuss procedures and mechanism for cooperation.

The cooperation between UnYPhil-Women and GIZ-Civil Peace Service started in 2012 up to date to contribute on the meaningful participation of women on the Bangsamoro peace process and constructive involvement of civil society organization specifically on the following overall objectives:

  • People (especially LGU, women and youth) in the Bangsamoro core territory and adjacent areas discuss controversial topics (especially gender related issues) in the context of the Bangsamoro Peace Process in adequate public spaces for dialogue and information sharing. They know causes and consequences of the conflict, are informed about the progress ancd challenges in the peace process, and are familiar with possible non-violent resolutions of emergent conflicts.
  • Civil society and state institutions/organizations (mainly in the future Bangsamoro and adjacent areas) actively engage in the transition process towards the autonomous region of Bangsamoro and implement projects in conflict and gender sensitive way.

GIZ-CPS is German Development Corporation funded by German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). That seconds peace and conflict consultants to both local civil society organization and state institutions to advance the interests of marginalized and underrepresented groups.

The participants from GIZ-Civil Peace Service were Dr. Matthias Osterle, Program Coordinator, Raife Janke CPS International Expert/Peacebuilbding and gender adviser of UnYPhil-Women and from UnyPhil-Women includes Ms. Noraida Abo Executive Director, Hasna Adi-Advocacy Officer and CPS local counterpart, Frenz Laureta Research, Documentation, Publication and Information Officer, Rasol Pangansalan, Monitoring and Evaluation Officer/Field Coordinator, Sandra Abu Admin Officer, Maisalam Tahir Project Officer (Cordaid), Hunyn Abu Project Officer (Respect Education), (UNHCR), and Joelaida Juanday, Field Facilitator (MCPN).

By: Hasna Adi

UnYPhil-Women

Strengthening National capacities towards the protection of IDP’s and People affected by Repeated Displacement

The southern Philippines island of Muslim Mindanao is home to 21 million people; in addition, 63% of the country’s indigenous communities are situated in Mindanao. Many of them, especially in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) have been, and continue to be forcibly displaced due to a number of factors.

The national government has engaged different rebel groups into a peace process to reach a doable political settlement. It has signed the final peace agreement with MNLF way back in 1996 and is currently undertaking the peace process with the MILF. The government and MILF have reached significant milestones by the signing of Framework Agreement in 15 October 2012, and subsequently all its 4 annexes on Transitional Arrangement and Modalities (27 Feb. 2013), Revenue Generation and Wealth Sharing (13 July 2013), and Normalization (25 Jan. 2014). This provides a rich ground for durable solutions to various caseloads of displacement.

However, the situation in Mindanao remains volatile and fragile up to this time. The population remains vulnerable to unstable and continuing threats resulting from armed conflicts and clashes between the Government Armed Forces and armed groups of which examples include the Zamboanga City stand-off with the Misuari led MNLF, the clash with the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) in some areas in Maguindanao and North Cotabato, rival political candidates, and family feuds or “rido” which deemed to me more deadly.

UnYPhil-Women, has been an important partner of UNHCR in the field to ensure that the displaced population and population facing protection risks, especially the women and children in the remote locations, are provided assistance and protection. It took charge to reach locations where government agencies have limited access in the provinces of Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-tawi and Zamboanga Sibugay.

The aim of this project is to support the government in its commitment to ensure protection of IDP’s, most vulnerable population at risk of displacement and other forms of rights violation and persons with specific needs. Intend to create impact by empowering affected communities and IDP’s themselves, especially among women and children able to negotiate with state and non-state actors directly to prevent displacement and reduce the level of fear and seek redress to protection institutions including CHR/RHRC and DSWD.

 Target population of the project

The main communities targeted through this project include communities in ARMM, especially women and the youth, which are high risks of displacement due to evolving political developments including communities of indigenous people; are displaced multiple times and are particularly fragile and are living in a protracted situation of displacement for many years. IDPs and other vulnerable affected by armed conflicts and forms of violence resulting to violation on their rights and degradation on dignity and quality of life who needs legal support shall also be a priority for this project.

UnYPhil in collaboration with the RHRC shall also engage the local government officials and line agencies, security forces and law enforcement agencies to ensure that people requiring temporary assistance due to their condition subsequent to conflict and displacement are protected and provided appropriate assistance.

Category of people requiring temporary assistance

At risk communities Communities at particular risk of forced displacement in ARMM
Currently displaced Communities displaced due to natural disaster, armed conflict , rido, political violence, development aggression etc. displaced communities could be in a situation of protracted displacement (e.g. over 1 year) or multiple displacement (displaced many times during a year)
Returnees Those who were forcibly displaced and have returned home recently and need support in re-establishing themselves.
Host communities Communities accommodating IDP’s, either in public building or in their homes.
Resettled Communities Communities of former IDP’s that have settled elsewhere

 Implementation arrangement

Targeted populations are the IDP’s particularly the women sector and those people facing the risk of cyclic displacement in municipalities. Having been affected by protracted conflict, many of them do not posses civil documentation being in remote locations and unable to exercise, defend or demand their rights and live in safety and with dignity. Among women, there are those who have fewer learning opportunities and decision making power despite their immense potential to positively influence and support their communities and provide inputs to the peace process.

Coverage area:

Cotabato City Cotabato City
North Cotabato Aleosan, Carmen, Kabakan, Midsayap, Pikit, Matalam, Tulunan
Basilan All municipalities especially Al-Barka, Mohammad, Adjul, Tipo-tipo, Sumisip, Tuburan, Ungkaya Pukan
Sulu All municipalities especially Patikul, Indanan, Maimbung, Parang, Panglima Estino
Tawi-tawi All municipalities especially Simunol, Bongao

Approach and process

  1. Baseline Data Gathering, Monitoring and Analysis
  2. Protection Monitor, referral and advocacy for durable solutions
  3. Awareness Raising and IDP community participation
  4. Prepositioning of core relief item