Monitoring Report: Encounter between PNP-SAF Vs BIFF and MILF

Activity:    Protection Monitoring

Date:         January 25, 2015

Location:  Barangay Tukanalipao, Mamasapano Maguindanao

Background:

On January 25, 2015 at around 5:00 in the morning, Philippine National Police -Special Action Forces (PNP-SAF) were clash between 105th Base Command of Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) at Barangay Tukanalipao Mamasapano, Maguindanao that resulted forcibly displacement hundreds of families. The PNP-SAF operation in that area is to serve warrants of arrest for Malaysian bomb maker Zulkifli bin Hir, known as Marwan and Basit Usman of Jemaah Islamiyah but unfortunately, clash was occur because of no coordination to the local government and MILF group in the area. Marwan’s capture carries a $5-million bounty for his terror attacks, which have also earned him a spot in the most wanted terror list of the FBI.

Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) under Commander Guiawan was also involved in the firefight. BIFF’s 1st Brigade intercepted the reinforcement from the military at around 9 a.m. and they recovered at least 10 rifles.

Current Situation:

The affected families is around 560 household that evacuated in Barangay Pimblakan, Tuka, Dasikil, Pidsandawan, Tukanalipo Mamasapano. Some IDP’s are home based while others are staying in evacuation center like Szopad and market “Talipapa” in Tukanalipo and others are make a shift tent along the road.

The table below shows the numbers of IDP’s.

Internally Displaced People
No. Present Location No. of families No. of persons Place of Origin
1 Barangay Pimbalakan 234 937
2 Barangay Tukanalipao 202 809
3 Barangay Pidsandawan 62 233
4 Barangay Dasikil 30 123
5 Barangay Tuka 32 134
Over all Total 560 2,236  

Source: Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office (January 26, 2015)

As of date, there are 43 members PNP-SAF were killed while 8 fighters in MILF group. The military are ongoing conducting retrieval operation in the area because of some PNP-SAF members are missing. There 3 injured civilians coming from Barangay Tukanalipao were admitted to Cotabato Regional Medical Center which one of them is minor age.

The table below shows the casualties and injured persons:

Injured Person
1 Tot Pananggulang Father Brgy. Tukanalipao
2 Samra Kansi S. Pananggulang Mother Brgy. Tukanalipao
3 Sara Pananggulang Daughter Brgy. Tukanalipao

Source: Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office (January 26, 2015)

During the monitoring, local government were not given a permit to go to the IDP’s location because of ongoing retrieval and clearing operation of military. According to Maced T. Abdullah, Al-hadj of MDRRMO that some IDP’s are already returned to their place of origin on January 26, 2015 especially those indirect affected barangay of conflict.

Other related issue:

The incident might affect the ongoing peace process of MILF and GPH which currently on stage of public hearing by senate and congress on the Bangsamoro Basic law. Congress hearings on the proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law were postponed on Monday after the incident.

Protection issues:

  1. Lacking data on returnees IDP’s and situation of IDP’s in evacuation centers. Some families were already returned to their place of origin without consent of the local government unit.
  2. 1 minor girl was victim of Grave child rights violation particularly maiming.
  3. No response on the immediate needs of affected families like foods and NFI.
  4. 43 PNP-SAF members were killed and 8 members coming from MIFL group. There are still missing on the members of PNP-SAF.
  5. Unstable condition in the area because of on-going clearing operation by military that may cause of fear to the civilian.
  6. The Corn farming of the IDP’s was affected most particularly in Barangay Tukanalipao which the incident happened.

Response/Interventions:

  • MDRRMO and ARMM-heart were conducted IDP’s assessment on January 25, 2015.
  • The Coordinating Committee on the Cessation of Hostilities facilitated the request of the PNP to retrieve their casualties but unfortunately many were not able to survive because they were not evacuated immediately.
  • Emergency meeting of Municipal local government unit with Tingting Cujuangco regarding on the situation of affected areas and to resolve the conflict.
  • Interior Secretary Mar Roxas and Philippine National Police officer-in-charge Deputy Director General Leonardo Espina flew to Maguindanao to meet with Cabinet secretaries and military officials to look into the deadly incident.

Recommendation:

  • The local government should secure and facilitate the voluntary returning of the IDP’s.
  • Close monitoring on the situation of affected families.
  • The civilian casualties in CRMC should be facilitated by the LGU most especially on their financial expenses.
  • Lobbying on IDP’s needs from state and non sate actor.

 

Prepared by:

United Youth of the Philippines-Women

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