Strengthening National capacities towards the protection of IDP’s and People affected by Repeated Displacement

The southern Philippines island of Muslim Mindanao is home to 21 million people; in addition, 63% of the country’s indigenous communities are situated in Mindanao. Many of them, especially in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) have been, and continue to be forcibly displaced due to a number of factors.

The national government has engaged different rebel groups into a peace process to reach a doable political settlement. It has signed the final peace agreement with MNLF way back in 1996 and is currently undertaking the peace process with the MILF. The government and MILF have reached significant milestones by the signing of Framework Agreement in 15 October 2012, and subsequently all its 4 annexes on Transitional Arrangement and Modalities (27 Feb. 2013), Revenue Generation and Wealth Sharing (13 July 2013), and Normalization (25 Jan. 2014). This provides a rich ground for durable solutions to various caseloads of displacement.

However, the situation in Mindanao remains volatile and fragile up to this time. The population remains vulnerable to unstable and continuing threats resulting from armed conflicts and clashes between the Government Armed Forces and armed groups of which examples include the Zamboanga City stand-off with the Misuari led MNLF, the clash with the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) in some areas in Maguindanao and North Cotabato, rival political candidates, and family feuds or “rido” which deemed to me more deadly.

UnYPhil-Women, has been an important partner of UNHCR in the field to ensure that the displaced population and population facing protection risks, especially the women and children in the remote locations, are provided assistance and protection. It took charge to reach locations where government agencies have limited access in the provinces of Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-tawi and Zamboanga Sibugay.

The aim of this project is to support the government in its commitment to ensure protection of IDP’s, most vulnerable population at risk of displacement and other forms of rights violation and persons with specific needs. Intend to create impact by empowering affected communities and IDP’s themselves, especially among women and children able to negotiate with state and non-state actors directly to prevent displacement and reduce the level of fear and seek redress to protection institutions including CHR/RHRC and DSWD.

 Target population of the project

The main communities targeted through this project include communities in ARMM, especially women and the youth, which are high risks of displacement due to evolving political developments including communities of indigenous people; are displaced multiple times and are particularly fragile and are living in a protracted situation of displacement for many years. IDPs and other vulnerable affected by armed conflicts and forms of violence resulting to violation on their rights and degradation on dignity and quality of life who needs legal support shall also be a priority for this project.

UnYPhil in collaboration with the RHRC shall also engage the local government officials and line agencies, security forces and law enforcement agencies to ensure that people requiring temporary assistance due to their condition subsequent to conflict and displacement are protected and provided appropriate assistance.

Category of people requiring temporary assistance

At risk communities Communities at particular risk of forced displacement in ARMM
Currently displaced Communities displaced due to natural disaster, armed conflict , rido, political violence, development aggression etc. displaced communities could be in a situation of protracted displacement (e.g. over 1 year) or multiple displacement (displaced many times during a year)
Returnees Those who were forcibly displaced and have returned home recently and need support in re-establishing themselves.
Host communities Communities accommodating IDP’s, either in public building or in their homes.
Resettled Communities Communities of former IDP’s that have settled elsewhere

 Implementation arrangement

Targeted populations are the IDP’s particularly the women sector and those people facing the risk of cyclic displacement in municipalities. Having been affected by protracted conflict, many of them do not posses civil documentation being in remote locations and unable to exercise, defend or demand their rights and live in safety and with dignity. Among women, there are those who have fewer learning opportunities and decision making power despite their immense potential to positively influence and support their communities and provide inputs to the peace process.

Coverage area:

Cotabato City Cotabato City
North Cotabato Aleosan, Carmen, Kabakan, Midsayap, Pikit, Matalam, Tulunan
Basilan All municipalities especially Al-Barka, Mohammad, Adjul, Tipo-tipo, Sumisip, Tuburan, Ungkaya Pukan
Sulu All municipalities especially Patikul, Indanan, Maimbung, Parang, Panglima Estino
Tawi-tawi All municipalities especially Simunol, Bongao

Approach and process

  1. Baseline Data Gathering, Monitoring and Analysis
  2. Protection Monitor, referral and advocacy for durable solutions
  3. Awareness Raising and IDP community participation
  4. Prepositioning of core relief item

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: